This National Park is nestled on the northeastern slopes of the Nilgiris; this Sanctuary has the distinction of being the first wildlife sanctuary to be created in South India in 1940. This gently undulating hilly terrain of the Western Ghats lies on Tamil Nadu's interstate boundaries with Karnataka and Kerala. Strategically located near Bandipur National Park, Wayanad Sanctuary and the Sigur and Singara reserve forests, it also comes under the proposed Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Moyar River, the most importance source of water in the sanctuary, separates Mudumalai from adjoining Bandipur, with similar flora and fauna. Since most other streams dry up in early June, you have a good chance of sighting wildlife in the dry season around the Moyar.
Fauna at Mudumalai National Park: Primary among Mudumalai's predators is Tiger and Dhole, the Asiatic Wild Dog, who hunt in packs. The leopard is usually seen in the Kargudi area. Other mammals include Striped Hyena, Jackal and the omnivorous Sloth Bear. Asian Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Indian Muntjac, Mouse Deer and Wild Boar can also be seen moving through the forest. Primates like Bonnet Macaque and Langur and rodents like the Giant Squirrel and Flying Squirrel dominate the trees. Among the reptiles, the Monitor Lizard is the most regularly observed species. The adjacent Annamalai Sanctuary has two exclusive species not found in Mudumalai - the Nilgiri Langur and Lion-tailed Macaque.
Bird life is rich in the cool, dense forests, you'll find regional endemics like Malabar Trogon, Malabar Grey Hornbill and the White-bellied Woodpecker, with its striking red crest. Other birds found here are Yellow-billed Babbler, Lesser Whitethroat, Pacific Swallow, Orphean Warbler, Temminck's Stint, White-rumped Needletail and Grass Owl. The Scops Owl is more heard than seen, while the predatory birds include Crested Hawk Eagle and Crested Serpent Eagle. You can interact closely with the mahouts and their tame giants at the Elephant Training Camp at Theppakadu, which has the distinction of the highest number of elephant births in captivity.
Flora at Mudumalai National Park : The forest can be broadly classified into three main types: Tropical Moist Deciduous, Tropical Dry Deciduous and Southern Tropical Thorn forest or scrub jungle. he Rosewood and Teak (Tectona Grandis), the two most valuable timber trees of India, grow abundantly in the Mudumalai National Park. Other commonly found trees in the Mudumalai National Park are Bamboos (Bambusa Arundinacea), Sandalwood, Jacaranda (a hardwood timber tree with purple flowers), Mango, Jamun, Tamarind, Banyan, Pipal, and Plumeria. In the category of blooming flora, found in the Mudumalai National Park, are Gulmohar, Indian Labumusum, Aredesia and Solanancea.
Climate: Both summer and winter are moderate (summer 32°C, or 90°F; winter 18°C, or 64°F).
Best Time to See Wildlife: March to April
Most Comfortable time to visit: November to March
How to Reach Mudumalai National Park?
By Air: The nearest airport of Coimbatore is situated at a distance of approximately 160 km.
By Rail: The sanctuary is 65 km away from Udhagamandalam railway station and 95 km away from Mysore railway station.
By Road: Since Mudumalai is situated along the Mysore-Ooty Highway; it is well connected with the other cities of India.